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George joined CRU in 2017 within the Nickel, Cobalt, Chrome and Molybdenum analysis team.

He is responsible for reporting on the cobalt and battery metal markets, including annual market outlooks, quarterly updates and monthly news services. George is also responsible for CRU’s long-term automotive and electric vehicle forecasts.

George began his career in commodities working in pricing analysis and forecasting in the sulphur industry, before moving into the minor metals trading sector and specialising in nickel-cobalt superalloys, alloying additions and rare earth elements. George has experience working with minor metals in the USA and the UK, and his scientific background has been a particular benefit in analysing minor metal end-use markets including the battery sector. George has a Masters in materials science from Oxford University.

Articles by our industry expert


Artisanal mining will balance the cobalt market

Due to the lack of reliable information and complexity of the supply chain, artisanal mining is typically far more challenging to track as a source of supply than...

By George Heppel 01 October 2018